Highest Explore Position #184 ~ On January 21st 2009.
African Elephants - Colchester Z00, Colchester, Essex, England -
Friday January 16th 2009.
Click here to see the Larger image
Well, there's now a West Ham supporter in the White House,
lol...Yup...Barack Obama is a Happy Hammer ~ www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article732401.ece ~ www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/football/2290253/Up-the-Irons--... ~ ....well, for now anyway..:O))
As these Ellies are doing, lets link together and spread joy and happiness throughout the Universe..Oh..and Upton Park..lol....:O)))
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ~ African elephants are the
species of elephants in the genus Loxodonta, one of the two existing
genera in Elephantidae. Although it is commonly believed that the
genus was named by Georges Cuvier in 1825, Cuvier spelled it
Loxodonte. An anonymous author romanized the spelling to Loxodonta and
the ICZN recognizes this as the proper authority.
Fossil Loxodonta have only been found in Africa, where they developed in the middle Pliocene.
Size ~ African elephants are bigger than Asian elephants. Males stand 3.64 meters (12 ft) tall at the shoulder and weigh 5455 kg (12,000 lbs), while females stand 3 meters (10 ft) and weigh 3636 kg to 4545 kg (8,000 to 11,000 lbs). However, males can get as big as 15,000 lbs (6800 kg).
Teeth ~ Elephants have four molars; each weighs about 11 lb (5.0 kg)
and measures about 12 inches long. As the front pair wear down and
drop out in pieces, the back pair shift forward and two new molars
emerge in the back of the mouth. Elephants replace their teeth six
times. At about 40 to 60 years of age the elephant no longer has teeth
and will likely die of starvation, a common cause of death.
Their tusks are teeth; the second set of incisors become the tusks. They are used for digging for roots and stripping the bark off trees for food, for fighting each other during mating season, and for defending themselves against predators. The tusks weigh from 50-100 pounds and can be from 5 to 8 feet (2.4 m) long. Unlike Asian elephants, both bulls and cows have tusks. The enamel plates of the molars are lesser in number than in Asian elephants.
Species ~ Loxodonta adaurora, extinct, presumed antecedent of the
modern African elephants.
African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana) ~ African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis).
Bush and Forest Elephants were formerly considered subspecies of the same species Loxodonta africana. However, they are nowadays generally considered to be two distinct species. The African Forest Elephant has a longer and narrower mandible, rounder ears, a different number of toenails, straighter and downward tusks, and considerably smaller size. With regard to the number of toenails: the African Bush Elephant normally has 4 toenails on the front foot and 3 on the hind feet, the African Forest Elephant normally has 5 toenails on the front foot and 4 on the hind foot (like the Asian elephant), but hybrids between the two species commonly occur.
Conservation ~ Poaching significantly reduced the population of
Loxodonta in certain regions during the 20th century. An example of
this poaching pressure is in the eastern region of Chad—elephant herds
there were substantial as recently as 1970, with an estimated
population of 400,000; however, by 2006 the number had dwindled to
about 10,000. The African elephant nominally has governmental
protection, but poaching is still a serious issue.
Human encroachment into or adjacent to natural areas where bush elephants occur has led to recent research into methods of safely driving groups of elephants away from humans, including the discovery that playback of the recorded sounds of angry honey bees are remarkably effective at prompting elephants to flee an area.Some elephant communities have grown so large, in Africa, that some communities have resorted to culling large amounts to help sustain the ecosystem.