It was my long cherished wish to visit Delhi (Capital of India) to pay my respect to the tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun, from whom I have got my own name.
The Reign of Humayun, 1530-1556
Babur's eldest son and successor, Humayun, was 22 years old when his father passed away. Humayun lacked the experience and the tough fiber necessary to consolidate a new dynasty. Thus, the first decade of his rule brought a steady erosion of Mughal authority in northern India. In particular, Humayun had to deal with the determined hostility of the Afghans who were still allied with the dispossessed Lodi regime.
Humayun was defeated and dislodged by insurrections of nobles from the
old Lodi regime. In 1540, the Mughal domain came under the control of
one of those nobles, Farid Khan Sur, who assumed the regional name of
Shir Shah Sur. Humayun would spend the next 15 years in exile in Sind,
Iran, and then Afghanistan. During this exile, Humayun's Persian wife,
Hamida Begum, a native of Turbat-I Shaykh Jam in Khurasan, gave birth
to the future emperor Akbar.
Humayun died in 1556, and his widow Hamida Banu Begam, also known as Haji Begam.
An architectural forerunner of the Taj Mahal, Haji Banu Begum commenced the construction of his tomb in 1569, fourteen years after his death. It is the first distinct example of proper Mughal style, which was inspired by Persian architecture.
Its arched entrances and bulbous dome are surrounded by lovely formal gardens, making it one of the most beautiful Mughal buildings in the city Delhi.
Haji Banu Begum too is buried here.
Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian, was the architect employed by Haji Begam for this tomb.