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五色鳥Muller's Barbet | by Hiyashi Haka
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五色鳥Muller's Barbet

學名:Megalaima oorti

英名: Muller's Barbet (Black-browed Barbet)

Family: Capitonidae (鬚鴷科), Length: 20~23 cm.

俗稱花和尚。身上大致為豔綠色.而頭部與部紅.黃.藍.黑等顏色.棲息於闊葉林中,形成良好的保護色,不易被發現。喜歡鳴唱而其叫聲有如何上敲擊木魚的咯咯聲,故名之。

五色鳥喜歡住在乾燥而通風的地方。牠們和啄木鳥一樣,會在枯木或枯枝上打洞築巢,因為枯木含水量較低,較不易滋生寄生蟲。分布於海拔2500公尺以下之闊葉林、雜木林或次生林中上層,為台灣普遍之特有亞種留鳥。

The Black-browed Barbet or Müller's Barbet (Megalaima oorti) is a bird belonging to the Asian barbet family, Megalaimidae. It is 20-23.5 cm long. The plumage is mostly green apart from the head which is patterned with blue, yellow and red. There is a black stripe above the eye. The bill is black and the feet are grey-green. The Chinese name for the bird, "five-colored bird" (五色鳥) refers to the five colors seen on its plumage. Because of its colorful plumage and that its call resembles that of a percussion instrument known as a wooden fish, the species is also referred to as the "spotted monk of the forest" in Taiwan. It is sometimes treated as a separate species, the Indochinese Barbet. It inhabits tropical and subtropical forests. It forages in the upper and middle levels of the canopy. It excavates a nest hole in a tree but little else is known about its breeding habits.

 

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Taken on February 17, 2011