Dead SS guard in canal, Dachau, Germany, 1945
Elizabeth 'Lee' Miller (23 April 1907 - 21 July 1977) was an American
photographer. Born in Poughkeepsie, New York State in 1907, she was a
successful fashion model in New York City in the 1920s before going to
Paris to become a fashion and fine art photographer. During the Second
World War, she became an acclaimed war correspondent and
With the outbreak of the Second World War, Miller had separated from Bey and was living in Hampstead, London when the bombing of that city began. Ignoring pleas from friends and family that she should return to the US, Miller embarked on a new career in photojournalism as the official photographer for Vogue documenting the Blitz and was accredited to the U.S. Army as a war correspondent for Condé Nast Publications from 1944. She teamed up with David E. Scherman, a Life Magazine correspondent on many assignments. Miller travelled to France less than a month after D-Day and recorded the first use of napalm at the battle of St. Malo, the liberation of Paris, the battle for Alsace, and the horror of the Nazi concentration camps when the victims were liberated. A photograph by Scherman of Miller in the bathtub of Adolf Hitler's house in Munich is particularly well-known.
During this time, Miller photographed a child in a Vienna Hospital who was suffering after receiving black market pharmaceuticals. Author Graham Greene was influenced by this photo when he wrote the screenplay "The Third Man".
Copyright; Lee Miller Archive.