Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana
[syn., Chamaesyce celastroides var. kaenana]
ʻAkoko*, ʻekoko, koko, or kōkōmālei
Endemic to the Hawaiian Islands (Oʻahu only)
* The name ʻakoko comes from the Hawaiian word koko for blood. They get their name from the red, or blood-colored, seed capsules appearing as drops of blood on the plant as seen in this photo.
Fruits & flowers
The generic name Euphorbia is classically supposed to have been named for Euphorbus, a physician to the king of Mauretania in the first century A.D. (C.E.).
The specific epithet celastroides means "resembling Celastrus," a genus of shrubs and vines commonly known as staff vines, staff trees or bittersweet.
The variety kaenana name refers to Kaʻena Point where this species is nearly exclusively found.