Lady Gouldian Finch
Lady Gouldian Finch, Butterfly World, Florida
The Gouldian Finch, Erythrura gouldiae (or Chloebia gouldiae), also known as the Lady Gouldian Finch, Gould's Finch or Rainbow Finch , is a colourful passerine bird endemic to Australia. There is strong evidence of a continuing decline, even at the best-known site near Katherine in the Northern Territory. Large numbers are bred in captivity, particularly in Australia. For instance, in the state of South Australia alone National Parks & Wildlife Department permit returns in the late 1990s showed that over 13,000 Gouldians were being kept by aviculturists. If extrapolated to an Australia-wide figure this would result in a total of over 100,000 birds. In 1992 it was classified as ENDANGERED in the wild under criteria C2ai. This was due to the fact that a: the viable population size was estimated to be less than 2,500 mature individuals and b: no permanent subpopulation was known to contain more than 250 mature individuals and finally c: that a continuing decline was observed in the number of mature individuals. It is currently subject to a conservation program.