Salvador is a city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the northeastern Brazilian State of Bahia. The city was for a long time also known as Bahia, and appears under that name (or as Salvador da Bahia). Salvador was the first colonial capital of Brazil, founded in 1549 by a fleet of Portuguese settlers. It is a very culturally rich city and is noted for its large Carnival celebrations, which including a strong Afro-Brazilian musical and spiritual component.
Pelourinho is the historic square in the heart of the old city of Salvador. It is the center of a remarkable colorful colonial buildings, cobblestoned streets, renewal of art and culture. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, it is now home to groups who reclaim their African heritage through music, dance, drums and art.
Note: Please don't miss Salvador when you come to Brazil. I LOVE this place wholeheartedly:)