In 1511 a Portuguese fleet arrived under the command of Alfonso de Albuquerque. His forces attacked and successfully defeated the armies of the Malacca Sultanate. Moving quickly to consolidate his gains, Albuquerque had a great fortress built around a natural hill near the sea. The fortress once consisted of long ramparts and four major towers.
Several centuries later, the Dutch drove the Portuguese out of Malacca and subsequently were themselves taken over by the British. The English were wary of maintaining the fortification and ordered its destruction in 1806. The fort was almost totally demolished but for the timely intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles, the founder of Singapore, who happened to visit Malacca in 1810. Because of his passion for history, this small gate (Porta de Santiago) was spared destruction. (Wikipedia)
See also my short Malacca travelogue.
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