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403/1 #09253-37 KALENI CORDI Honos Virtus jugate Italy greets Roma Denarius | by Ahala
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403/1 #09253-37 KALENI CORDI Honos Virtus jugate Italy greets Roma Denarius

Denarius. 68BC. 3.65grams. Rome mint. Fufia. Crawford 403/01 KALENI CORDI. Obverse: hds Honos Virtus jugate r, HO VIRT KALENI. Reverse: Italia with caduceus cornucopiae ITAL, standing greeting Roma with fasces and globe RO, CORDI. Common.


FUFIA (Plebeian, but consular), MUCIA (anciently Patrician, then Plebeian) and CORDIA. Obv — Two youthful heads jugated; one laurelled and ringleted, with HO(nos) at the back — the other helmed, with VIRT(tus) in monogram before the neck, and under them KALENI. This is a serrate denarius — slightly rare.


Rev — In the field are two women standing and joining hands : the one on the left is stolated, and bears a cornucopia, with ITAL(ia) in monogram, under a winged caduceus ; the one on the right is draped in shorter vestments, and her holding a sceptre with her right foot on a globe would typify the Mistress of the World without the RO(ma) behind her. In the exergum appears CORDI. This device is conjectured to refer to the peace between Rome and Italy after the murderous Social War, and the establishment of harmony by admitting the confederate towns of the latter to citizenship, 89 BC.


Lucius Fufius Caleno was a moneyer of the Republic, who was afterwards praetor with Mucius Cordus in the year 59 before our era. The cognomen Calenus is thought to have been derived from Cales in Campania, from whence the Fufii originally came.


From bearing two heads, jugata on the obverse, and having CORDI on the exergum of the reverse, has been by many collectors admitted into the Cordia gens. But the heads are those of Honos and Virtus, and the whole alludes to matters more connected with the Fufia and Mucia families.


To what is there stated may be added that Vitruvius mentions a C. Mucius as the architect of the celebrated temples of Virtue and Honour, which were so juxtaposed that the last could not be reached without passing the former. Independent of this, however, the Mucian family was much connected with the worship of those popular deities : this gens was a very ancient patrician house, ascending to the earliest days of the Republic, but existing in later times only as plebeians. Nothing certain is known of the author of this device ; yet the statement made above regarding Fufia — respecting the moneyer sumamed Caleno — is probably correct.



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Taken on October 24, 2009