Queen Elizabeth considers the Privy Counsel's advice to condemn the Duke of Norfolk for treason.
Nobles convicted of treason were granted the privelege of being beheaded on the scaffold inside the Tower of London, away from jeering common eyes. Highborn traitors even enjoyed the courtesy of having their own personal chopping block carved out to lay their neck upon. The axe did not always cleave through on the first blow. That is why Anne Boleyn (Queen Elizabeth's very mother) hired an expert swordsman out of her own pocket on condition that he strike her head off cleanly in a single blow. And that he did.
Common criminals were executed in the streets of London not far from where Trafalgar Square is today if I understand correctly. Ran up a ladder for all to see they were castrated, disemboweled, drawn, quartered, and then beheaded. Did I miss anything?
As you can imagine these were festival events drawing huge crowds.