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Exposition Universelle | by SantiMB.Photos
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Exposition Universelle

Paris (France).

 

The Exposition Universelle of 1889 was a World's Fair held in Paris, France from May 6, to October 31, 1889.

 

It was held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, an event traditionally considered as the symbol for the beginning of the French Revolution.

 

The main symbol of the Fair was the Eiffel Tower, which was completed in 1889, and served as the entrance arch to the Fair. A "Negro village" (village nègre) where 400 indigenous people were displayed constituted the major attraction.

 

The Exposition covered a total area of 0.96 km², including the Champs de Mars, the Trocadéro, the quai d'Orsay, a part of the Seine and the Invalides esplanade.

 

The Eiffel Tower (French: La Tour Eiffel, /tuʀ ɛfɛl/) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. It is the tallest structure in Paris and possibly the most recognized monument in the world. Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, it is the most visited monument in the world; 6,428,441 people visited the tower in 2005 and more than 200,000,000 since its construction. Including the 24 m (78.7 ft) antenna, the structure is 324 m (1063 ft) high (since 2000), which is about 81 stories. In 1902, it was struck by lightning, which meant that 100 metres of the top had to be reconstructed and the lights illuminating the tower had to be replaced, as they were damaged by the high energy of the lightning.

 

This shot was taken with a cheap digital camera with fixed focus, and it looks too dark, blurred and noisy. Then I has been aged it with PaintShop Pro Platinotype effect.

 

Platinotype is a monochrome photographic printing process, based on the light-sensitivity of ferric oxalate.

 

Ferric oxalate is reduced to ferrous oxalate by light. The ferrous oxalate then reacts with platinum (II) (or palladium II) reducing it to basic platinum, which builds up the image.

 

William Willis discovered the process in 1873 and the first platinum paper reached the market in 1881, produced by the Platinotype Company, a firm founded by Willis in 1879.

 

When Willis invented the process, platinum was relatively cheap, but it quickly became more costly starting in 1906. In 1907 platinum had become 52 times more expensive than silver. Eastman Kodak and most other producers stopped fabrication of the paper in 1916. Russia controlled 90% of the world platinum supply in World War I and all available platinum was used in the war effort.

 

Due to the shortage of commercial paper and high cost, photographers experimented with palladium paper and platinum-palladium mixes. Platinum paper has continued in use until the present, interrupted only by the world wars.

 

Sources: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exposition_Universelle_(1889), en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eiffel_Tower and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platinotype.

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Taken on August 21, 2003