Abstract art uses a visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality. The arts of cultures other than the European had become accessible and showed alternative ways of describing visual experience to the artist. By the end of the 19th century many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The sources from which individual artists drew their theoretical arguments were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations in all areas of Western culture at that time.
Abstract art, nonfigurative art, nonobjective art, and nonrepresentational art are loosely related terms. They are similar, although perhaps not of identical meaning.
Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art. This departure from accurate representation can be only slight, or it can be partial, or it can be complete. Abstraction exists along a continuum. Even art that aims for verisimilitude of the highest degree can be said to be abstract, at least theoretically, since perfect representation is likely to be exceedingly elusive. Artwork which takes liberties, altering for instance color and form in ways that are conspicuous, can be said to be partially abstract. Total abstraction bears no trace of any reference to anything recognizable. In geometric abstraction, for instance, one is unlikely to find references to naturalistic entities. Figurative art and total abstraction are almost mutually exclusive. But figurative and representational (or realistic) art often contains partial abstraction.
Both Geometric abstraction and Lyrical Abstraction are often totally
abstract. Among the very numerous art movements that embody partial
abstraction would be for instance fauvism in which color is
conspicuously and deliberately altered vis-a-vis reality, and cubism,
which blatantly alters the forms of the real life entities depicted.
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Thoughts about abstract.......forms.......
As you see, I do not treat the creation of fiction, that to say the
invention and development of fantasies, as a form of abstract thought.
I dont wish to deny the uses of the intellect, but sometimes one has
the intuition that the intellect by itself will lead one nowhere.
---J. M. Coetzee
Delight at having understood a very abstract and obscure system leads
most people to believe in the truth of what it demonstrates.
---Georg C. Lichtenberg
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Evil is the product of the ability of humans to make abstract that
which is concrete.