Exotic Fruit Flies
Exotic fruit flies (Tephritid) are invasive insects from sub-Saharan Africa that can eat over 400 species of host plants, including many species of fruit and vegetable crops. If established in the United States, exotic fruit flies can cause significant economic losses by reducing the marketability of infested fruit and trade (export) restrictions. APHIS’ Fruit Fly control and management programs, which include the Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly, cost approximately $65 million per year. The market value of exotic fruit fly host commodities totaled approximately $7.2 billion in the United States in 2002, with approximately $5.1 billion of that grown in California and $1.8 billion in Florida.
Photo Credit: R. Anson Eaglin, USDA-APHIS.