The recently devastated Kaikoura coastline.
On the morning of Monday 14th November, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake struck in the North Canterbury region, the seismic energy travelling mainly northward into the mountainous Kaikoura area, causing surface fault ruptures, numerous landslides and, of course, severe ground shaking. The diagonal line cutting across the rocks in the foreground is the previously unknown Papatea Fault, which ruptured during the quake, lifting up the shore platform by at least two metres and altering the local ecosystem. Huge landslides have blocked the State Highway, cutting off the town of Kaikoura by road. It will take a long time to rebuild.
Copyright Dougal Townsend/GNS Science.