534/2 Octavian with Julius Caesar and Agrippa Denarius DIVOS IVLIVS DIVI F. Julius Caesar facing Octavian, M.AGRIPPA COS DESIG, AM#0929-39
Denarius. 38BC. 3.89grams. Italy camp Octavian mint. Julius Caesar Octavian Vipsania. Crawford 534/02 DIVOS IVLIVS DIVI F. Obverse: hd Caesar fcg hd Octavian DIVOS IVLIVS DIVI F. Reverse: M AGRIPPA COS DESIG. Rare.
Julius Caesar and Octavian facing each other, whilst Agrippa says he minted the coin on the other side. Very rare and historically interesting, and the confronted portraits are a remarkable first on a denarius issue and was used later during the empire for similar dynastic issues. This coin was struck long before Actium, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa's famous victory, in 38BC in Gaul. For the first time Octavian adopts the praenom IMPERATOR (IMP CAESAR) rather than the title (CAESAR IMP), a custom that extended through the imperial period whereby the use of IMPERATOR as a personal name rather than title embedded supreme military authority in the person of the emperor. Agrippa's title as consul-designate dates the coin precisely to 38BC - when he was named consul for the year 37BC. Agrippa was governor of Gaul at the time. This coin is discussed on andrewmccabe.ancients.info/Auctions.html