Poland-01188 - Black Madonna Mosaic
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Mosaic with a image of the "Black Madonna".
The Black Madonna saved the monastery from a Swedish invasion in 1655. Seventy monks and 180 local volunteers, mostly Polish nobility, held off 4,000 Swedes, saved the sacred icon and changed the course of the war. This led King John II Casimir Vasa to "crown" Our Lady of Częstochowa ("the Black Madonna") as Queen and Protector of Poland. Prior to this event, several royal nobilities have offered crowns to the image throughout the years, replacing its iron sheet crown by gold and several jewels. In later years, various jewels were interchanged and repositioned around the image to preserve the aesthetic of the icon with the replacement of stolen crowns.