Battle of the Bulge: Krewinkel and the 14th Cavalry
Here is the town of Krewinkel, which was one of the first attacked by the Germans during the Battle of the Bulge. The hill I am on is in Belgium but literally, Germany is just hundred of feet away. The Germans came to the left and right of this hill to hit Krewinkel.
I have a number of notes that I thought you might find interesting.
One is the house that was the Artillery Operations spotter oupost. Another is an area where the Americans had mines and barbed wire, which held up the Germans who eventually broke into town but were driven back. Also, I marked a house that I think was occupied by men of the 820th TD battalion.
The 14th Cavalry had a platoon of men in Krewinkel. The 14th under the command of Colonel Mark Devine, had to cover an area of 9000 yards. This was especially difficult given that this territory was smack in the middle of the Losheim Gap, which is where the Germans planned to hit, and which includes the towns of Lanzerath and Losheimergraben. By the way, they Germans came through here in 1940 and in World War One.
The 14th had previously been attached to the 2nd Division, but with that Division being engaged in combat northeast towards the Roer dams, the 106th Division, The Golden Lions, were moved in this general area. Unfortunately, they were a brand new division and this also marked the area where two American corps met, and it heightened the potential for communications problems -- brand new division, no clear communications between the two corps, bad weather.
The 14th Cavalry originally had coordinated with the 2nd Division for artillery support and other aspects of defense in the event of attack. However, when the 106th was moved in, the plans were largely unknown by their general, Alan Jones Sr.