Image from page 1153 of "A comprehensive dictionary of the Bible" (1871)
Publisher: New York, London, D. Appleton and company
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress
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t all the filth of the city,till it became the abhorrence of Jerusalem. * Tore lit Lamp; Lantern. Tor mull (Heb., see below) occurs only in the mar-gin of Judg. ix. 81. The Heb. bUorm&h, translated craftily, or to Tormah in the margin, is trans-lated privily in the text, and in fraud or in dreeitby Gesenius, Bush, &c. A few commentators haveconjectured that the word was originally the samewith Arumah in ver. 41. * Tor-ment or, the A. V. translation of Gr. basan-ittet, properly a torturer, examiner, inquisitor ; butin the X. T. (so Grotius, Robinson, L. & S.) a jaileror prison-keeper (Mat. xviii. 34 only). Meyer andLange sustain the literal rendering of the A. V., tormentor. Among the ancient Romans a credit-or might use certain legal tortures, as a heavy chainand a system of half-starvation, to extort from thedebtor a confession of any concealed treasures, orbring him to terms (Dr. Schaff, in Langes Comm.on Mat., 1. a). Tor toise [-tis], the A. V. translation of Heb. tuab,
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Tortoise (Emya Cai^ica).— Fbn.; TOU TRA 1135 which occurs only in Lev. xi. 29, as the name ofsome unclean animal. Bochart with much reason(so Mr. Houghton, with Gesenius, Fiirst, W. L. Alex-ander [in Kitto], &c.) refers the Hebrew term tothe kindred Arabic dhab, a large kind of lizard,apparently the terrestrial monitor or skink of Egypt(Psammosaurus Scincvs or Monitor terrestris of Cu-vier), which is three or four feet long, and commonin the deserts of Palestine and N. Africa. Mr.Gosse (in Fairbairn) favors the rendering tortoise,in which the A. V. follows Elias Levita. Variousfresh-water tortoises, land-tortoises, and sea-tor-toises are found in Palestine and its neighborhood.The Emys Caspicais a marsh tortoise, found in Eu-rope, Palestine, &c. Palestine, Zoology.
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