About Japanese & Chinese Gardens.
Japanese gardens (日本庭園, nihon teien?), that is, gardens in traditional Japanese style, can be found at private homes, in neighborhood or city parks, and at historical landmarks such as Buddhist temples and old castles.
Though often thought of as tranquil sanctuaries that allow individuals to escape from the stresses of daily life, Japanese gardens are designed for a variety of purposes. Some gardens invite quiet contemplation, but may have also been intended for recreation, the display of rare plant specimens, or the exhibition of unusual rocks.
The function of this group is to show pictures of gardens from around the world NOT just in Japan and China.
Like western Asia and Europe, China has three primary types of enclosed, vegetated, outdoor space: hunting parks, domestic gardens and religious gardens. Though the hunting parks have vanished, the great imperial landscape parks which are their close relatives survive (eg the West Lake and Beihai). Ordered domestic courtyards, made under the influence of Confucius, remain in old Chinese towns. Stylised representations of the natural world made by scholars under the influence of Taoism and Buddhism have become famous as 'Chinese gardens'.
From ancient times the Japanese had a design tradition which involved composition with stones and water. They also made gardens, but what form they took is not known. The history of surviving Japanese gardens is of the introduction of Buddhist and Taoist ideas from China, in the 7th century AD, and of how these garden design ideas were adapted to the context of Japan and its ancient religion (Shinto).
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